Marija Gimbutas was the first recognized scholar to look at pre-agrarian societies as anything other than precursors for the civilizations that developed around 3100 B.C.E. In short, she was the first person to see that early semi-sedentary cultures were simply more more stable versions of the wandering gatherer/hunter clans of the ice age and before. They worshipped the woman’s body as a source of fertility. To Gimbutas, the cultures were each beautiful and vital in their own right. She actually saw the cultural changes between 8,000 B.C.E. and 2,500 B.C.E. as an ending of one tradition, that of a respect for nature, and the beginnings of another, our present thinking that the natural world is to be manipulated.
I like the philosophy. It speaks of the ability of humans to coexist peacefully. It may be a little too utopian to be realistic, but is it any more fantasy than a world of magic, monsters, and gods?